Community attitudes and beliefs, such as rigid gender stereotypes, condoning of violence, and allegiance to cultures of masculinity which emphasise aggression and dominance can negatively influence the prevalence of FDV, as well as the nature of the response to those affected by it.
Young people and children who have grown up in households affected by FDV can normalise the violence and find it difficult to recognise unhealthy or unsafe behaviours as they enter new relationships.
Imperfect laws and processes
Non-physical abuse, such as coercive control is a particularly insidious form of FDV that is often unrecognised by victim survivors and first responders. It is underreported, and its seriousness is often underestimated. Despite its damaging impact, coercive control is not a criminal offence in its own right, and it is difficult to prove and to prosecute.
Insufficient focus on perpetrator accountability
Victim survivors of family and domestic violence are often (implicitly or explicitly) criticised for putting themselves into unsafe situations, blamed for not leaving an abusive partner, and allowing children to be exposed to FDV. The system requires victim survivors to repeatedly relive their trauma by repeatedly sharing their stories. In contrast, the role of the perpetrator is ignored. There is comparatively little discussion about what perpetrators should do to stop using violence, and there is limited funding for perpetrator behaviour change programs.
Delays in mental health supports